King Fahd Mosque in Saudi Arabia has been under the control of a controversial group for years, but its fate has been left to the people of Saudi Arabia, who elected a new government.
The Saudi-led coalition was formed to protect the King’s seat of power and its sprawling, $300bn royal palace, but the decision to disband the coalition has not been made public.
The coalition’s leader, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, has been blamed by opponents for the Saudi government’s economic crisis and a series of attacks on minority religious institutions.
Now, a new political alliance has emerged in the kingdom, led by King Salman, who has not commented on the new alliance.
King Salman, the new king, and the new coalition are fighting a war against extremism in the Middle East and North Africa, according to the Middle Eastern scholar Ibrahim al-Qaher, who teaches political science at the London School of Economics.
The battle is now more intense, he says, and “it’s not going to be a simple process”.
The Saudi coalition was founded in 2013 to fight the rise of Salafism, the extreme Wahhabi interpretation of Islam that is not recognised in mainstream Saudi Arabia.
Salafis have been blamed for some of the country’s most notorious attacks on women and minority religious groups, including the 2012 assassination of a prominent Saudi blogger, who was killed in a Saudi prison.
The group is also blamed for a series on activists and their supporters, including some who have been jailed in Saudi prisons for their activism.
The coalition’s leadership has been accused of targeting religious institutions, which have been accused by the Saudi authorities of supporting the countrys Shia majority.
“The Saudi-government has been actively supporting extremism in Saudi society, and that’s why we are seeing the creation of the new Saudi-Iran alliance,” says al-Bakri.
Saudi Arabia has a history of being politically polarised.
Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of King Abdulaziz and has one of the world’s most influential monarchs.
The country has long been one of America’s top oil exporters and a key US ally in the region.
It is also one of Saudi’s most important sources of foreign aid.
The kingdom has also long been at odds with Iran, which is Sunni Islam’s most powerful rival.
The two countries have also been allies in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) group.
As of last week, the Saudi-controlled coalition had taken the fight to IS in Iraq, but it was forced to withdraw following the death of a Saudi fighter.
In Syria, Saudi-backed forces have also carried out air strikes against IS and other militants, but those attacks have been limited.
Saudi air raids have also targeted Iran’s nuclear programme, which the country regards as a threat to its security.
Saudi officials have also expressed concern about the impact the war is having on the economy, which has suffered from falling oil prices.
Since taking power in 2015, King Salman has attempted to tackle the rise in the country s economy.
The king has tried to cut subsidies for oil and cut government spending, and has pledged to increase social spending, which in turn has helped the economy grow.
However, many analysts believe the war against IS has had the opposite effect.
They point to the large number of foreign tourists coming to the kingdom in the past three years as a result of the Saudi war, which many argue has contributed to a rise in extremism and the rise – and spread – of the kingdoms homegrown Wahhabi Islam.
Critics say the war has been a failure.
“It’s a war that the Saudis don’t want to win, they want to kill people,” al-Siddiqi says.
According to al-Bayati, King Fahyad Mosque in Riyadh was constructed in the mid-1950s and has been used by the Wahhabi community since its founding.
The building has been heavily damaged during recent attacks, with the facade of the mosque torn off by a truck driver in 2017.
Al-Bayatis also blames the king for the attacks on the Shia-majority mosques.
The mosque was destroyed in 2011, when the Saudi forces were engaged in a war with the Shia Houthi rebels in Yemen.
An estimated 70% of Saudi women are forced to wear the veil.
Al-Bayatis believes King Fahtad Mosque, built on the site of the former King Faisal’s tomb, is part of the “wilayat” (sacred) fabric of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabian.
In addition to the battle against IS, the war in Yemen has also had a major impact on the kingdom s economy, with a reduction in foreign investment, according the International Monetary Fund.
Saudi’s economy is expected to contract by 3% this year.